Dian Hong Gong Fu
Organic Black Tea 2017
Large leaves of Dian Hong Gong Fu brew to a bright red cup color and a flavor strong enough to take milk or sugar but nuanced enough to be appreciated on its own.
- Tea Origin
- Yunnan Province, China
- Tea Bush
- Yunnan Da Ye Zhong Cha (Big Leaves Tea Tree)
- Tea Master
- Lan Xiong Xing
- Harvest Time
- Picking Standard
- tender spring tea leaves
Dian Hong Gong Fu is one of our most popular everyday grades of organic black tea. The title “Gong Fu”, in the specific context of tea leaves, refers to the time consuming production of unbroken black tea. “Gong Fu” is not to be confused with “kung fu”, but has a similar meaning in the sense of the practice and discipline it takes to improve skill. While its history is short compared to other black teas, it is becoming very popular for its rich full bodied flavor and fresh sweet aroma. Full and beautifully shaped, the large leaves of Dian Hong Gong Fu brew to a bright red cup color and a flavor strong enough to take milk or sugar but nuanced enough to be appreciated on its own.
In 1939, Yunnan Province began producing black tea. The Chinese wanted to move the business of exporting of tea out of the east coast of China (then occupied by the Japanese Army) to the border of Burma in Yunnan. Two accomplished tea masters, Feng Shao Qiu and Fan He Jun went to Yunnan to research the area for tea cultivation. They found that Feng Qing County in southwest Yunnan was an ideal place to start producing good quality tea. The soil in this area was red colored and nutrient rich and was already growing a good number of tea bushes. They set up a factory and began to produce a large amount of tea.
The tea is produced at an average elevation of 600-800 meters above sea level. This tea is picked in the middle of April, with a picking standard of 1 bud to 2-3 tender leaves. Fresh tea leaves will be carried back to the factory where they are left to wither in the shade or under sunshine for a few hours to loose some of their moisture. After the leaves have been withered, they use a special wind tunnel made from woven bamboo or wood. The tunnel is about 3 feet tall and has three layers of bamboo with holes for wind to travel through. The leaves are set on the top sheet of bamboo for about 5 hours to remove about 50% of their moisture. After the wind tunnel, tea makers will fire the tea in a hot rolling machine to soften the leaves before they are kneaded. This is done quickly yet carefully, so as not to denature the enzymes in the leaf that will drive its oxidation. Tea makers use a kneading machine to squeeze out even more moisture and spur on oxidation the leaves. After this, the tea will be processed in to its shape by wrapping the leaves in fabric and placing them in a small 1/2 tall square box for a few hours. This slowly finishes the oxidation process. During this time, the tea master will check the leaves every so often to mix and distribute their heat and also check the quality of their aroma and color. When the leaves have just turned to brown, the tea master will stop oxidation and send to the oven to dry. They must be very careful to not over-oxidize the tea, otherwise it will turn sour. After the tea has been dried in the oven, the leaves are sorted by hand to remove untwisted large leaves and sprigs.
Our Dian Hong Gong Fu is the best grade, made from whole, un-chopped leaves that will ensure the cup it yields has no bitter flavor. This creates a spicy aroma and flavor, characteristic of Yunnan big leaf tea bushes. Mix this tea with herbs and dried fruit or enjoy as an iced tea in the summertime.
No chemical fertilizer, pesticide, or herbicide was used in the production of this tea. Click here to read more about our promise to fair trade and the environment.
Dian Hong Gong Fu brewing guidelines
Teaware: 12 oz. glass, porcelain or yi xing clay pot
Amount: ¾ Tbs of tea leaves
Water: boiling filtered water
Infusion: First infusion at least 2 minutes. The leaves are good for 5 infusions. Add a little more time for each subsequent infusion.